The development status of my country’s cold storage industry
1. The total annual development of my country’s cold storage
In 2008, the Beijing Olympic Games pushed cold chain logistics to a peak. For a time, the concept of cold chain took off, and cold storage was springing up everywhere. The cold chain is like a wild horse that has taken off its rein, running wildly. A group of horse punters add fuel to the cold chain. All walks of life and all walks of life are talking about or testing the water cold chain, and the cold chain is heating up at a high speed in an instant.
According to statistics from the “National Cold Chain Logistics Enterprise Distribution Map” released by the China Refrigeration Alliance, the cold storage capacity has also increased from 8.5 million tons in 2008 to 36,095598 million tons in 2017, a growth rate of 325%.
2. my country’s cold storage capacity growth rate is leading
In the 11 years from 2006 to 2016, the total global cold storage capacity increased from 162 million cubic meters to 825 million cubic meters in one fell swoop, a growth rate of 409%. Among them, in 2016, my country’s cold storage capacity reached 100 million cubic meters, compared with 2014, the compound growth rate was 19%.
3. my country’s cold storage capacity ranks among the top three in the world
In 2016, the top three countries in the world’s total cold storage capacity were India, the United States and China. Moreover, my country’s cold storage capacity exceeded 100 million cubic meters, and the total amount was close to the US level. However, the per capita cold storage capacity was low, only 1/5 of the United States.
4. The industry’s “two-fold” and “two-light” phenomenon is prominent. Two-fold” and “two-light” are mainly manifested in focusing on construction and quantity, light operation and light management, making the economic, social and ecological benefits of cold storage not obvious.
5. The distribution of cold storage in my country is seriously unbalanced
According to research data from the China Refrigeration Alliance, cold storage in the four regions of East China, Central China, South China, and North China account for more than 86%. The cold storage is mainly concentrated in coastal areas, and the cold storage in the western and northern regions is seriously insufficient.
6. The temperature zone of the cold storage is unbalanced, the civil construction of the building structure is the most, and the liquid ammonia cold storage is the most
According to the research data of the China Refrigeration Alliance, at present, my country’s low-temperature storage accounts for 71.8%, medium-temperature storage accounts for 12.7%, and high-temperature storage accounts for 10.5%. It can be seen that from the perspective of the structure of cold storage temperature zones, the imbalance of supply and demand is relatively obvious. . In terms of the proportion of cold storage building structure, civil cold storage accounted for 70.3%, steel structure cold storage accounted for 21.6%, and hybrid cold storage accounted for 8.1%. Among them, civil cold storage was chosen because of the strong, long life and energy With the characteristics of low consumption, steel structure cold storage has the advantages of short construction period, large capacity space, flexible use, and easy automation. In terms of refrigerant ratio, liquid ammonia refrigeration system accounted for 69.4%, Freon refrigeration system accounted for 29.7%, and carbon dioxide refrigeration system accounted for 0.9%.
7. Transaction-oriented and weekly transformation cold storage each account for half of the country
According to the analysis of the China Refrigeration Alliance, transactional cold storage includes “cold chain logistics park” and “agricultural batch market”. The advantages are “own land”, “large scale”, “high concentration”, and “strong financing ability”. At the same time, the shortcomings are still obvious, including “low automation” and “low construction level”. The future trend is “logistics real estate”, “centralized procurement”, “electronic settlement”, “financial supply chain”, “processing”, etc. “Sorting”, “Delivery”, etc.
Zhou Transformation Cold Storage includes “third-party warehousing”, “distribution center”, “central kitchen”, etc. The advantages are “high level of automation”, “high level of construction”, “value-added services” and “supply chain management”, but the shortcomings are ” “Land lease”, “small unit scale”, “low degree of intensification”, “poor financing ability”, “unsound network”, etc. The future trends include “integration of warehouse and distribution”, “convergence of emerging industries”, and “food supply” Chain”, “customized service”, etc.
8. The cold storage industry is becoming mature, and network integration is accelerating
According to the analysis of statistical data from the China Refrigeration Alliance, the total storage capacity of 30 network-type cold storage enterprises in the country is about 11.37 million tons, accounting for about 31% of the total national total. Among them, the free cold storage is 7.53 million tons and the society is 3.84 million tons. In addition, among the 30 network-type cold storage enterprises, there are a total of 249 cold storages, of which 52 are transaction-type cold storages with a storage capacity of 6.45 million tons; and there are 197 cold storages with a storage capacity of 4.93 million tons.
9. Cold storage construction and operating costs remain high
It is understood that the construction cost of 10,000-ton cold storage is estimated to be about 42 million yuan, and the annual operating cost is estimated to be about 14 million yuan.
10. Scarcity of land promotes the development of logistics real estate
The price of land in cities across the country has continued to increase, promoting the development of cold chain logistics real estate. Customized construction of cold storage and the integration of idle resources have emerged; asset capitalization and cold chain finance have also become inevitable trends in the development of enterprises.
11. The increase in cold storage rental prices is not obvious
It is reported that the average rental price of cold storage within the Fifth Ring Road in Beijing is 3.2-3.5 (day/ton/yuan); outside the Fifth Ring Road, the price range is 2.2-2.8 (day/ton/yuan).
The average rental price of cold storage in Shanghai is 4-4.5 (day/ton/yuan).
The average rental price of cold storage in Guangdong is 3-3.5 (day/ton/yuan).
Since the cold chain circulation rate in developed countries is much higher than that in my country, the profit margin of cold storage companies is naturally relatively high, about 20%-30%; compared with developed countries, my country’s cold chain logistics concentration is low, and cold chain companies are generally small , The profit margin is relatively low, about 8%-10%.
12. The energy consumption of cold storage in my country is generally high, and green development has a lot to do
According to the analysis of the China Refrigeration Alliance, due to insufficient energy-saving promotion and application of energy-saving technology, my country’s cold storage consumes about 15 billion kWh per year, and the energy consumption per unit volume is 30-50 kWh/m³/a, and there is a lack of energy consumption rating certification standards. The energy consumption of cold storage is mainly concentrated in the refrigeration system (energy consumption has a lot to do with the maintenance mechanism of the cold storage and the outdoor temperature difference). Therefore, vigorously developing green, efficient and sustainable “energy-saving cold storage” will be the future development direction of cold storage.
13. CO2 refrigerant has become the new favorite of cold storage
According to the statistics of the China Refrigeration Alliance, currently, my country has built about 150 CO2 refrigeration cold storages with a storage capacity of 4.5 million tons, accounting for 12.46% of the total number of cold storages in the country.
The development trend of my country’s cold storage industry
During the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, my country’s cold chain logistics industry will maintain a rapid growth rate of 15-20% per year. It is expected that by 2020, my country’s cold storage capacity will exceed 50 million tons;
– Continuous promotion of relevant national policies;
– National legal standards guide;
– Vigorous development of green and smart cold storage;
– Capital operation and logistics real estate are gradually deepening;
-Integration, mergers and acquisitions, reorganization into the fast lane;
– The new technology of cold storage will be widely used;
-“Single cold storage” will develop into a composite, high-standard industry customization.
Cold chain logistics is ushering in a golden age of ten or even twenty years. 2018 will be a positive year for the cold chain logistics industry’s policy environment and business environment. Standardization, internationalization, greening, intelligence, and cross-border have become the key words of the cold chain industry. On April 18, Yiou sincerely invited practitioners in the cold chain logistics industry to discuss the general development trend of the industry and jointly compete for the golden age of cold chain logistics.